BUFFET CHRONOLOGY

1928 Born in Paris, France.

1939 Enters the Lyc�e Carnot in Paris, after studying at l��cole des J�suites.

1943 Expelled from the Lyc�e Carnot for criticizing the academic structure; begins attending evening classes to study drawing. Enters l��cole nationale sup�rieure des Beaux-Arts, working in the studio of Eug�ne Narbonne (b. 1885).

1945 Leaves l��cole des Beaux-Arts; travels to Brittany with his mother. Returns to Paris after she dies unexpectedly, settling south of Paris in Massy-Palaiseau to work alongside Robert Mantienne.

1946 First showing, a self-portrait, at the Salon des Moins de Trente Ans at the Galerie Beaux-Arts.

1947 Exhibits L'Homme accoude at the Salon des Indpendants. First solo exhibition at the Art Impressions book shop in Paris is held in December, organized by Guy Weelen and Michel Brient. Becomes a member of the Salon des Ind�pendants, as well as the Salon d'Automne. His first angular characters are revealed; he is classified as a miserablist, like the expressionists Francis Gruber or Georges Rouault. Meets writer Pierre Descargues, who becomes one of Buffet's most ardent supporters and writes the catalogue preface for his one-man show.

1948 Meets Emmanuel David and enters into an exclusive contract, which is shared by Maurice Garnier. This alliance leads to international exposure. In June, Buffet and painter Bernard Lorjou are both awarded the Grand Prix de la critique (�Critic's Prize�) at the Galerie Saint-Placide, which then holds an exhibition of Buffet's works in July. In November, la Ravaudeuse de filet exhibits in the Salon d'Automne, which is purchased by Doctor Girardin and willed to the Paris Museum of Modern Art. Illustrates Jean Cocteau's la Voix humaine. Designs sets for Paris Opera's ballet.

1949 Pierre Descargues prints Buffet's work in the Presses Litt�rairesde France. First Galerie Drouant-David exhibit is held. Joins a group of realist painters known as Homme-T�moin, dedicated to the common man.

1950 Begins showing in New York City.

1951 Rents small house in Manosque from friend Jean Giono, where he lives for a short time before moving to a rented bergerie in Nanse, near Reillanne, 17 kilometers from Manosque. Here he lives and works until 1954.

1952 Begins creating lithographs. Illustrates Les Chants de Maldoror (the story of a super human archangel) by Comte de Lautr� amont.

1953 Les Lettresfran�aises features an article by Louis Aragon entitled "Le Paysage Francais a quatre si�cles et Bernard Buffet 24 ans," (�Four Centuries of French Landscape Painting and the 24-Year-Old Bernard Buffet�).

1955 Magazine Connaissance des arts names the ten best post-war artists; Buffet takes first place. Meets Georges Simenon, who becomes a close friend. Buys property in Domont, near Paris, living there until 1956.

1956 Leaves Domont to reside in Ch�teau I'Arc, near Aix-en-Provence, which becomes his main residence until 1964.

1958 Galerie Charpentier holds the first retrospective of Buffet's work, he is 30 years old. Georges Hourdin publishes L'Enfer et le ciel de Bernard Buffet at Cerf. Pierre Berg� publishes Buffet at Editions Pierre Cailler. The New York Times names Buffet in "France's Fabulous Young Five", among peers that include Yves Saint-Laurent.

1958 Marries actress Annabel Schwob on December 12, at Ramatuelle.

1961 Produces a series of paintings depicting the life of Jesus Christ for the purpose of decorating Ch�teau l'Arc. (Ten years later, at the request of Monsignor Pasquale Macchi, secretary to Pope Paul VI, these paintings are offered to the Vatican Museum for permanent exhibition.)

1962 Birth of first daughter, Virginie.

1963 Birth of second daughter, Danielle.

1964 Maurice Druon publishes Buffet at Editions Hachette. Buffet buys la Vall�e in Brittany's Saint-Cast, working there until 1970. From 1965 to 1971, he resides in both Brittany and Paris.

1971Birth of son, Nicolas.

1973 After painting a series depicting the tragedies of World War II, specifically Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Bernard Buffet Museum is founded by Kiichiro Okano and is inaugurated in Surugadaira, Japan on November 23.

1974 Elected to the Acad�mie des Beaux-Arts and the Legion of Honour.

1978 Designs a stamp for l'Institut et le Ponte des Artes, at the request of the postal administration.

1980 Takes up residence at a manor in Normandy, where he lives until 1986.

1986 Moves to the Domaine de la Baume, near Tourtour in the Haut-Var, southern France. Georges Durand publishes La Divine Comediede Bernard Buffet at Descl�e de Brouwer, Annabel Buffet publishes D'Amour et d'eau Fraiche at Sylvie Messinger. Yann le Pichon's Bernard Buffet, edited by Maurice Garnier, receives the Elie Faure Award.

1988 A large extension is added to the Bernard Buffet Museum in Japan on December 9.

1989 Alin Alexis Avila publishes Bernard Buffet, edited by Nouvelles Editions Fran�aises aux Editions Casterman.

1999 Commits suicide after Parkinson's disease renders him incapable of painting. He leaves behind some 8,000 paintings and numerous prints.

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